“THE MOST IMPORTANT INVENTIONS AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS OF THE ANCIENT GREEKS”

from the Museum of Ancient Greek Technology, “Kostas Kotsanas”, – www.kotsanas.com , in Ancient Olympia and Katakolo.

The exhibition entitled “The most important inventions of the ancient Greeks” from the Museum of Ancient Greek Technology “Kostas Kotsanas” in ancient Olympia and Katakolo, which will be hosted by the 80th International Fair of Thessaloniki, in pavilion 3, will “give life” to 40 outstanding machines and inventions of the ancient Greeks, from the robot-servant of Philon and the hydraulic telegraph of Aeneias to the cinema of Heron and from the automatic clock of Ktesibios and the planetary system of Ptolemy to the Antikythera calculating mechanism.

 

The automatic servant of Philon

The mobile automatic theatre of Heron

The planetary system of Ptolemy

The Antikythera calculating mechanism


The rotating chirping bird

The automatic opening of the temple gates

The «aeolosphere» of Heron


 

All exhibits come from the Museum of Ancient Greek Technology “Kostas Kotsanas”, operating in Ancient Olympia.

The exhibits were constructed following an extensive, thorough research and study of the ancient Greek, Latin and Arabic literature, vase painting information and minimal relevant archeological finds. The aim of the exhibition is to highlight this relatively unknown aspect of ancient Greek civilization and to prove that the technology of the ancient Greeks, just before the end of the ancient Greek world, was shockingly similar to the beginning of our modern technology.

The exhibition also includes about 40 remade musical instruments of the ancient Greeks, which are fully operational and reliable and their manufacturing was exclusively based on the ancient Greek literature and the vase painting depictions.  Some of the exhibits are : the Pythagorean monochord (single-stringed), helicon (four-stringed) and syntonon (six-stringed), with which the great philosopher studied the musical scales and proved –among others- the mathematical relations they are defined by.

 



 

 
 
The last part of the exhibition is overmastered by the imposing hydraulis of Ktesibios, the first keyboard instrument in the world. Through the hydraulis, visitors may listen to the song of Seikilus, which is the oldest fully preserved ancient Greek musical text.
 
The exhibition will remain open from Saturday, September 5th until Sunday, September 13th, 2015. Visitors may attend the exhibition by using the entrance ticket for the 80th International Fair of Thessaloniki, throughout the opening hours of the latter. The exhibition entitled “The most important inventions of the ancient Greeks” from the Museum of Ancient Greek Technology “Kostas Kotsanas” (www.kotsanas.com) in Ancient Olympia and Katakolo, will remain at the Fairgrounds until January 5th, 2016.